Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Article, "Telangana: Is there real discrimination?", by Nalamotu Chakravarthy

- Nalamotu Chakravarthy
The separatist leaders of Telangana frequently claim that, since the integrated state’s formation, the region has suffered because of exploitation by the people from the Kosta region. No evidence proves Kosta region’s deliberate discrimination against Nizam Telangana. Saying that, from an economic standpoint, there is no denying that the Nizam Telangana region is marginally behind the Kosta region. The main reason for the region’s backwardness was the severe beating that the economy took under Nizam’s rule. Ever since the formation of the integrated state of Andhra Pradesh, the Nizam Telangana economy grew at a faster pace than Kosta or Rayalaseema. However, separatist leaders hide this fact to incite people of one region against the other. Instead of harnessing the strengths of each region, separatist leaders of Telangana demand parity in every aspect with the Kosta region, when there are variations in geographical constitution of these regions making parity across different sectors an impossible goal to achieve. The former Vice Chancellor of Kakatiya University, Professor Jayashankar, is often mentioned as the brains behind the separatist movement. He wrote a paper titled “Telangana Movement - The Demand for a Separate State” that is often cited by the Telangana proponents to make their case for a separate state. In this paper, Professor Jayashankar blatantly distorts facts to further his argument for a separate state. Herein I will present statistical data questioning the claims of separate state proponents. For this socio-economic analysis, I primarily focus on education, irrigation, industries, and financial sector data. I relied on statistical abstracts of Andhra Pradesh for the data presented in this chapter. When I relied on other sources of data,
I have provided explicit footnotes. To compare how each region performed since the state formation, I used data for the 1956 and 2001. 1956 was the year when the state was formed, and 2001 was the year when the last census data was collected. The Indian government publishes a census every 10 years, and I used the 2001 numbers as the most recent benchmark. Of course, 2011 census numbers, when they become available, will certainly offer a more telling story. In addition, as I present data for each region, where available, I offer a separate category for Nizam Telangana, excluding the city of Hyderabad. The capital city, Hyderabad, with its large population tends to skew the results of our analysis. I, therefore, tried to provide readers a perspective on how the Nizam Telangana districts perform economically when we exclude Hyderabad city. Without further ado, let us jump straight into the analysis that helps us understand how each region performed over the past 50 years.


Let us start our analysis with the school education category, and Table 1 compares how each region performed relative to each other.

In 1956, when the integrated state of Andhra Pradesh was formed, for every 100 people in the Nizam Telangana region, 5 were in the school system. Compare that to 12 in Kosta and 10 in Rayalaseema. By 2001, the situation changed dramatically, with Telangana having 19 students for every 100 people in the school system, surpassing Kosta’s 16 and Rayalaseema’s 18.
Next, let us look at another category – graduate education. Table 2 provides the relative performance of each region since 1956.

Yet again, the Nizam Telangana region that was well behind the Kosta region in the number of graduate students has raced past the coastal regions. In 1956, for every 10,000 people, there were 19 degree college students in the Kosta region, whereas there were 10 in the Telangana region. Today, the situation is reversed. Telangana boasts of 64 degree students for every 10,000 people, surpassing Kosta’s 58.
Professor Jayashankar, in his paper, says: “…after 47 years (since the state formation) the literacy rate in Telangana continues to be lowest in the state.” To make his case, Professor Jayashankar presents the 2001 literacy rates. Table 3 provides the number of literates in each region.

As you can see, Nizam Telangana (excluding Hyderabad) has a 48% literacy rate, compared to 56% in Kosta & 53% in Rayalaseema. However, these numbers do not paint a complete picture. As of 2001, Telangana region had made significant strides in literacy. Despite initially being behind the other two regions, Telangana region attained a substantial 778% growth compared to the ~300% growth realized in the Kosta and the Rayalaseema regions. Percentages, in some cases, tend to exaggerate the growth rate. Let’s look at the absolute numbers. Between 1951 and 2001, Rayalaseema added 41 new literates for every 100 people, and Kosta region added 42 additional literates for every 100 people, whereas Telangana added 43 literates for every 100 people. There is no denying that Telangana is behind the other regions when it comes to the literacy rate. However, it is important to note that the legacy of a low literacy rate in the Telangana region goes back to the Nizam’s rule, when only 5 in 100 people could read or write. Clearly, the statistical data on education does not back up the claims of exploitation being trumpeted by the leaders of the separate Telangana movement. The key takeaway of this analysis is that the Nizam Telangana region, in education, is developing at par with the Kosta region, and despite it, intellectuals such as Professor Jayashankar will continue to find issues by cherry-picking the data supporting their fanatical agenda. (to be continued)
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Nagaraj said...

ANS: Yes!! There is a clear discrimination in power sharing! This one reason is good enough for Telanganites to demand for a separate state. Can Nalamothu prove it with his statistics that T-leaders got a fair share of ruling power in samaikhyandhra??

Anonymous said...

may the blessing be always with you!! ........................................

Anonymous said...

Nalamothu can show anything he wants using a calculator and some statistics. The naked truth is visible to common man and does not need concocted statistics. He says Telangana was 2 and added 4 so there was 200% improvement. While andhra was 4 and added 8, a mere 100% improvement.
This is how he manages and it seems he wants to become famous somehow. Finally what he would like to say is telangana is more developed than rest of the region. Some people believe it because it is tasty for them and he satisfies them with his statistics. Let him contest and win an MLA seat in Telangana and see how foolish he was in his statistics. In my opinion his analysis fits for nothing except to sell his book.

Chakravarthy said...

Nagaraj garu,

I do not believe discrimination in power-sharing can be one of the criterias for dividing the state. We make up 40% of the state and if we cannot make our voices heard, I don't see any hope for us in a divided State either. Saying that, I am not sure if YSR, NTR, and Chandrababu Naidu have become CMs because of the region they hail from.

Can we extend the same reasoning to the PM position and say every State should get a turn for the PM post too?

Let us assume not having a CM from Nizam region is the cause for backwardness. Then how can one explain, why seema continues to be the most backward region among Kosta, Seema, and Nizam region, despite CMs hailing from the Rayalaseema ruling the state for the greatest number of days?

Save Andhra Pradesh!
Nalamotu Chakravarthy

Chakravarthy said...

Response to Anonymous:

I will address the crux of your criticism. The blogger opined that: "Telangana was 2 and added 4 so there was 200% improvement. While andhra was 4 and added 8, a mere 100% improvement."

You are absolutely wrong. Please go back and look at the numbers closely. Even in terms of absolute numbers, Nizam region grew at a comparable pace to the Kosta and Seema regions. Here are some absolute numbers from the article above:
1) In school education, Kosta added 4 students/100 people since the State formation, while Nizam added 14
2) In degree education, Kosta added 39 students/10,000 people, while Nizam added 54.
3) In literacy, Kosta added 42 literates for 100 people, while Nizam 43.

All this data is there in the tables given above and is public information available in the statistical abstract of AP.

Save Andhra Pradesh!
Nalamotu Chakravarthy

Anonymous said...

Dear Chakravarthy ,

Your analysis on statistics threw an light on very important aspects of the state that are extremely helpful. Infact one more important fact I liked is the "exclusion of Hyderabad" from that (which infact is really not required as Hyderabad is well inside telangan geographically )which absolutely indicates the right facts of rest of telenagana..

However I feel the need to listen to Telanagana supporters ( as our brothers) and listen to their points of views and their response to all these facts.
Hence Chakravarthy garu , I would like you to let us know abt on other aspects such as Irrigation, INdustries,Infrastrucute which are fundemental aspects that need to be also addressed.

Also ( To viewers and commenters)One has to understand that facts / statistics/economic indicators are the basis and right measure to indicate a situation.


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Anonymous said...

Chakravarthy, I totally appreciate the spirit shown by you in bringing the facts to every ones face... despite of the present exaggerated and provoked regional feelings..

I request all my brothers and sisters in telangana.. not to become prey to the power hunger politicians...

if the seperation need to be done on the grounds of development.. then it cannot not end with two regions... it will start at seperating two regions and carry on with cities, villages and to families coz not every one in a family will be treated equally.

It all depends on the way we interpret the others behavior with us... Oppurtunities...hmmm... if Andhra ppl are grabbing all the opportunites, how come so many ppl from north india are coming and surviving in Andhra..Guys .. we are all indians it all depends on one's ability to grab the opportunity in this competitive world. please don't get affected with provocative talk of the politicians.. show me one city in Andhra which is on par with any international city.. we are all poor and deceived children of the so called politicians.. whether they are andhra or telangana.. please understand that.. i do not have any intent of defending any region.. if i sound defending any region.. its all again your interpretation.. once again Thanks to chakravarthy for bringing out the facts,

Anonymous said...

Good Job Chakri...Keep It going...that bloody kodandaram is the terrorist making a Osmania University a terrorist camp.